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Causes of numbness and tingling

 

Tingling and numbness in the fingers may occur following long periods of time lying on your back or the body resting upon a tilted arm.

But in the long run serious, permanent, or even disabling tingling and numbness is typically an sign of neurological issues and nerve injury.

This article will focus on the common causes and treatments for tingling and numbness including MS (Multiple Sclerosis).

 

 



The causes of HTML0 are in different areas in the body

The sensation of tingling or numbness may be experienced when you rest your head on an arm that is crooked.

Numbness (lost or diminished changed sensation) and the sensation of tingling (an unusual prickling sensation) are both types of temporary paresthesia.

The sensations are typically experienced following sitting or standing in the same position, or when wearing tight clothing all day. The pressure puts on the nerves and blood vessels which reduces the sensation.

The symptoms usually disappear when the pressure on the nerve is diminished or eased.


Multiple Sclerosis

Tingling and numbness are among the most frequently reported and early signs of MS.

MS usually causes mild to extreme sensations of tingling and numbness on the skin or specific parts of the body, such as the following:

  • Hands and arms
  • feet and legs
  • face
  • body, usually across the body, usually across the in bands

The tingling and numbness signs of MS aren't usually disabling or lasting. However, severe numbness may cause difficulty for someone to utilize the body part that is numb, that can hinder daily routine activities.

For instance, numb hands can make holding items like typing, self-care, or typing difficult or impossible. If someone is numb in their legs or feet walking or driving could be hazardous. The people who have numbness or tingling in their faces may accidentally bite their tongues or the inside of their mouth.

A severe numbness could cause it to be difficult to know whether something is cold or hot, thereby increasing the chance of burns and frostbite.


Additional conditions

Other conditions that affect the nervous system which may cause tingling and numbness can include:

  • Stroke. Sudden numbness in the legs, arm or face, mainly on the opposite other side. is a symptom that can be a sign of Stroke.
  • Mini-strokes. Transient ischemic attacks or mini-strokes could cause one side of the face to be in a droop and go to numbness.
  • Encephalitis. In severe cases the inflammation in the spinal cord and the brain may cause loss of sensationTrusted Source in certain areas of the body, or the partial loss of sensation in the legs or arms.
  • Myelitis transverse. Inflammation in the spinal cord may cause an unnatural sensation of a band across the torso as well as weakening in the legs, and occasionally arms.
  • Tumors. Tumors can put pressure on certain parts of the brain and spinal cord which results in an numbness or tingling that is caused byTrusted Source. The presence of tumors in the brain's cerebral cortex (outer part in the brain) can cause the body to feel numb on the opposite part of your body. Tumors in and around the cerebral nerves can cause facial weakness and numbness. The spinal cord may cause numbness in both legs and arms.
  • Neck and back injuries. Back and neck injuries can result in nerve compression or damage that results in nerve tingling and numbness.
  • Magnesium insufficiency. Magnesium helps regulate several organs in our body including the proper nerve function. Trusted Source. Magnesium deficiencies that are severe, or hypomagnesemia, may cause the sensation of tingling and numbness.

Other conditions that affect certain body parts can trigger tingling or numbness. The body's parts include:


Legs and feet

Diabetes sufferers may develop diabetic neuropathy. It is a kind of nerve damaged. It can develop in the course of time, because the effects of diabetes' metabolic process in the bloodstream cause damage to nerves.

One-third to one-half of diabetics suffer from peripheral neuropathy, which is a condition which typically causes numbness or discomfort in the legs and feet or, less often, in the hands and arm.


hands and feet

Certain medications can create peripheral neuropathy.

Vitamin B12 deficiency, also known as pernicious anemia can lead to nerve damage as a result of low levels of red blood cellsTrusted Source and decreased oxygen circulation. This could cause peripheral neuropathy.

The damage to the liver caused by alcohol can trigger peripheral neuropathy that affects the feet and hands.

Many medications can cause peripheral neuropathy. For example:

  • blood pressure medications or heart medications
  • chemotherapy and cancer drugs
  • medicines to treat HIV and AIDS
  • Anti-alcohol drugs
  • anticonvulsants
  • skin care products
  • Anti-infection medications


Fingers

Calcium is essential to maintain circulation of blood and nerve function. HypocalcemiaTrusted Source, also known as deficiency in calcium, can lead to the sensation of tingling and numbness in your fingers.

Carpal tunnel syndrome may also cause numbness and tingling and even pain in fingers and hands. It happens because the median nerve which is a important nerve in the arm, is compressed in the area in which it runs through the wrist.


Hands

Attacks of panic, or sudden intense moments of anxiety and fear with no real risk, may causeTrusted Source a variety of symptoms. These include feeling numb or sensations of tingling in fingers.


Face

The pressure of toothaches and infections can irritate facial nerves, which can cause the sensation of numbness in the mouth and face.



Diagnosis

To determine the reason for the tingling or numbness the doctor will go over the medical history of the patient as well as conduct a physical examination and inquire about symptoms. They can then request lab tests, for instance blood tests to determine the cause.

In certain instances doctors may recommend additional tests, like MRIs and other tests for imaging. The studies of nerve conduction and electromyography are a way to determine the extent and nature of damage to nerves, particularly in cases where neuropathy is the cause of sensation of tingling.



Treatment

The treatment for tingling and numbness depends on the root of the issue.


MS

Numbness caused by MS is generally benign and non-painful.

Niacin, a B-complex vitamin, can help to reduce inflammation and numbness.

In the case of extreme or painful numbness, treatment could include a brief dose of corticosteroids. This helps speed recovery by decreasing inflammation.

A variety of medications that treat various conditions can help to reduce tingling and numbness that are common to MS for example:

  • gabapentin
  • pregabalin
  • carbamazepine
  • Phenytoin
  • imipramine, amitriptyline, and nortriptyline


Additional conditions

A variety of treatment strategies can assist in the reduction or management of the tingling and numbness that are not connected to MS for example:

  • Stroke. Medications to treat stroke clots (if in the first 3 hours of the first onset) as well as surgery or endovascular treatments for hemorrhagic stroke.
  • Transverse myelitis. Pain medications, antivirals, intravenous immunoglobulin and the plasma exchange treatment.
  • Meningitis. Antibiotics, anticonvulsants and corticosteroids.
  • The Tumor. Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and various other treatments.
  • Diabetic neuropathy. Physical activity, eating a healthy diet, following the diabetes treatment plan, checking your the feet every day for changes and having regular foot examinations.
  • Carpal tunnel. Wrist braces, non-prescription painkillers, nerve exercises that glide, or even surgery. Avoiding trigger-related activities.
  • Anemia that is pernicious. Vitamin B12 injections pills, nasal sprays or gels.
  • Hypocalcemia, Hypomagnesemia. Infusions or supplements and dietary changes, keeping away from triggers, and treating the root cause.



Prevention

The best method of preventing nerve tingling or numbness depends on the root of the issue.

However, certain lifestyle practices can help reduce or prevent the tingling and numbness that are a result of MS like:

  • eating a low-fat high fiber, low fat diet
  • I'm sure you're getting sufficient vitamin D as well as taking enough biotin (a vitamin called a B)
  • taking regular moderate exercise
  • developing strategies for dealing with cold and hot temperatures
  • sleeping on a regular schedule
  • Limiting or avoiding alcohol, and smoking
  • managing stress and reducing it

Prevention strategies for other conditions than MS that can trigger tingling and numbness include:

    • eating a low-fat high fiber diet, that is rich in vegetables and fruits
    • limiting salt (sodium) intake
    • maintaining a healthy the weight as well as BMI (BMI)
    • Getting 2.5 hour of aerobic workout each week
    • Limiting alcohol consumption and stopping smoking
    • Washing hands using soap and water frequently
    • Beware of sharing food items or objects that could expose people to infectious conditions
    • keeping up-to-date with vaccinations
    • avoiding radiation exposure
    • restricting repetitive wrist and hand movements
    • eating food items rich in vitamin B12 and vitamin D. magnesium, calcium and supplement your diet with these nutrients
    • treating back back pain in the beginning and restrict activities that cause pain.

 

    • receiving psychotherapy
    • managing stress

 

 




The causes of HTML0 are in different areas within the human body

Tingling and numbness can occur when you rest your head on a bent arm.

Numbness (lost or diminished an altered feeling) and the sensation of tingling (an strange prickling feeling) are both types of temporary paresthesia.

They are usually felt when you sit or stand in the same position, or when wearing tight clothing over a long period of time. The pressure puts on the nerves and blood vessels which reduces the sensation.

Symptoms typically disappear when the pressure on the nerve is diminished or eased.


Multiple Sclerosis

Tingling and numbness are two of the most frequently reported and early signs of MS.

MS typically results in mild to extreme nerve tingling and numbness to the skin or specific parts of the body, such as the following:

  • hands and arms
  • feet and legs
  • face
  • body, usually across the body, usually across the in bands

The tingling and numbness signs of MS aren't usually disabling or lasting. However, extreme numbness could cause difficulty for an individual to move the part of the body that is numb which can make it difficult to perform daily routine activities.

For instance, numb hands could make holding objects like typing, self-care, or typing difficult or even impossible. If someone is numb in their legs or feet walking, driving and walking can be hazardous. The people who have numbness or tingling in their faces may accidentally bite their tongues or the inside of their mouth.

A severe numbness could make it difficult to determine the difference between cold or hot, which can increase the risk of burning and frostbite.


Additional conditions

Other conditions that affect the nervous system which may cause numbness or tingling can include:

  • Stroke. Sudden numbness in the leg, arm, or face, particularly in one part of your body. is a symptom that can be a sign of Stroke.
  • Mini-strokes. Transient ischemic attacks (mini-strokes) could cause one side of the face to be dull and droop.
  • Encephalitis. In severe cases the inflammation in the spinal cord and the brain may result in loss of sensationTrusted Source in certain areas of the body. It can also cause the partial loss of sensation in the legs or arms.
  • Myelitis transverse. Inflammation in the spinal cord can trigger an unnatural sensation of a band across the torso, aswell as weakening in the legs and , sometimes, arms.
  • Tumors. Tumors can put pressure on the brain and spinal cord which results in the sensation of tingling and numbnessTrusted Source. The presence of tumors in the brain's cerebral cortex (outer part in the brain) can cause the body to feel numb to one part of your body. Tumors in and around the brain's cranial nerves are likely to cause facial weakness and numbness. Tumors that affect the spinal cord may cause numbness in both legs and arms.
  • Damage to the neck and back. Back and neck injuries can lead to compression or nerve damage which results in the sensation of tingling and numbness.
  • Magnesium insufficiency. Magnesium helps regulate several organs in your body such as proper nerve function. It is a trusted source. In severe magnesium deficiency, also known as hypomagnesemia, may cause nerve tingling and numbness.

Other ailments that target certain body parts can trigger tingling and numbness. Some body parts are:


Legs and feet

Patients with diabetes can experience diabetic neuropathy. It is a kind of nerve damaged. It can develop with time because the effects of diabetes' metabolic process in the bloodstream cause damage to nerves.

One-third to one-half of people suffering from diabetes suffer from peripheral neuropathy, which is a condition which typically causes numbness or discomfort in the legs and feet and, less frequently, in the hands and arm.


Foot and Hands

Certain medications can trigger peripheral neuropathy.

Vitamin B12 insufficiency, also known as pernicious anemia can lead to nerve damage as a result of low levels of red blood cellsTrusted Source and a decreased circulation of oxygen. This could cause peripheral neuropathy.

A damaged liver from alcohol can lead to peripheral neuropathy that affects the feet and hands.

Many medications can cause peripheral neuropathy, for example:

  • blood pressure medications or heart medication
  • chemotherapy and cancer drugs
  • medicines to treat HIV and AIDS
  • Anti-alcohol drugs
  • anticonvulsants
  • skin care products
  • Anti-infection medications


Fingers

Calcium is essential to maintain blood flow and nerve function. HypocalcemiaTrusted Source or calcium deficiency, may cause nerve tingling and numbness in fingers.

Carpal tunnel syndrome may also cause numbness, tingling and even pain in the fingers and hands. It happens in the case that the median nerve which is a important nerve in the arm, is compressed in the region in which it runs through the wrist.


Hands

The sudden onset of panic attacks, or intense moments of anxiety and fear without a real threat, can causeTrusted Source a variety of symptoms, such as the sensation of numbness or the sensation of tingling in fingers.


Face

Infections and toothaches can compress facial nerves, which can cause an numbness in the mouth and face.



Diagnosis

To identify the root of the tingling and numbness doctors will look over the medical history of the patient and conduct a physical exam and ask questions regarding symptoms. They can then request tests in the laboratory, like blood tests to determine the cause.

In certain situations doctors might request additional tests, like MRIs as well as other diagnostic tests. Nerve conduction tests and electromyography are a way to determine the extent and nature of damage to nerves, in particular in cases where neuropathy is the cause of sensation of tingling.



Treatment

The treatment for tingling and numbness is based on the cause.


MS

The feeling of numbness that is associated with MS is typically non-invasive and non-painful.

Niacin, a B-complex vitamin, can help to reduce inflammation and numbness.

If you experience severe or pain-inducing numbness, treatment can include a brief dose of corticosteroids. This accelerates healing by decreasing inflammation.

A variety of medications that treat various ailments can help to reduce tingling and numbness caused by MS for example:

  • gabapentin
  • pregabalin
  • carbamazepine
  • Phenytoin
  • imipramine, amitriptyline and nortriptyline


Conditions other than HTML0

Different treatment options can assist in the reduction or management of the sensation of tingling or numbness not linked to MS for example:

  • Stroke. Medications to treat stroke clots (if less than 3 hours of the first onset) and surgical or endovascular treatments for hemorrhagic stroke.
  • Transverse myelitis. Pain medications, antivirals, intravenous immunoglobulin as well as the plasma exchange treatment.
  • Meningitis. Antibiotics, anticonvulsants and corticosteroids.
  • The Tumor. Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and various other treatments.
  • Diabetic neuropathy. Physical activity, healthy diet, adhering to diabetic treatment guidelines, monitoring the feet on a daily basis for changes and having regular foot examinations.
  • Carpal tunnel. Wrist braces, non-prescription painkillers, nerve exercises that glide, or surgery. Avoiding trigger-related activities.
  • Anemia that is pernicious. Vitamin B12 injections or pills, or nasal sprays or gels.
  • Hypocalcemia, Hypomagnesemia. Infusions or supplements or dietary modifications, keeping away from triggers, and treating the root cause.



Prevention

The most effective method to avoid the tingling and numbness depends on the root of the issue.

But, a variety of lifestyle choices could help to reduce or eliminate the tingling and numbness that is caused by MS For example:

  • eating a low-fat high fiber and low fat diet
  • high levels of vitamin D as well as taking enough biotin (a B-vitamin)
  • taking regular moderate exercise
  • Learning strategies to deal with cold and hot temperatures
  • being a consistent sleep schedule
  • Limiting or avoiding alcohol, and smoking
  • managing stress and reducing it

Strategies to prevent other diseases than MS that can trigger tingling and numbness include:

    • eating a low-fat high fiber diet that is high in vegetables and fruits
    • limiting salt (sodium) intake
    • maintaining a healthy in terms of weight, the body mass index (BMI)
    • Getting 2.5 hour of aerobic workout each week
    • Limiting alcohol consumption and stopping smoking
    • Washing hands using soap and water frequently
    • Avoid sharing food or other objects with individuals who could be exposed to infections
    • ensuring that you are up-to-date on vaccinations
    • avoiding radiation exposure
    • Limiting repetitive wrist and hand movements
    • eating food items rich in vitamin B12 and vitamin D. magnesium and calcium or supplement with supplements
    • treating back discomfort early, and limit the activities that cause pain.

 

    • receiving psychotherapy
    • managing stress

 

 

 

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